According to the International Dyslexia Association, dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading.
Students with dyslexia usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in the typical instructional environment, and in it’s more severe forms, will qualify a student for special education, special accommodations or extra support services.
Dyslexia affects 1 in 5 people, and it can range from very mild to severe. Most people with dyslexia are highly intelligent with average to high IQ scores.